Chapter 2 of Bhagavat Geetha called Samkhya Yoga

  1. In Chapter 2 of Bhagavat Geetha called Samkhya Yoga Lord Krishna gave us few Lessons. What are the lessons?

  1. We are born again and again and die again and again i.e. we are subject to transmigration.

  1. Why do we transmigrate?

  1. The origin and the flaws like grief and delusion form the defects in us and they constitute the seed of transmigration.

  1. The cause of grief and delusion is affection. What is affection?

  1. Affection stems from the idea of ‘I’ and ‘mine’ as in “I am theirs” and “they are mine”

  1. Grief is when this affection breaks down.

  1. What is delusion?

  1. It stems from the idea that giving up one’s svadharma can save the breakdown of affection.

  1. For eg. if your friend committed a crime, you decide to stand by him rather than stand by righteousness.

  1. You delude that it will save the friendship.

  1. Your grief comes from the understanding that if you don’t standby your faulty friend then he will not be saved.

  1. Your delusion is that you can forego being righteous in order to side with your faulty friend to save him.

  1. You are beginningless and endless. There is no creator for you.

  1. You enter bodies and leave them just like you wear a new shirt & discard when it is old.

  1. You are not destroyed when the body is destroyed.

  1. You are not born when the body is born & you don’t die when the body dies.

  1. Changes in the body such as childhood, youth, old age belongs to the body and not to you.

  1. This knowledge you are truly changeless makes you a Dheera.

  1. Sukham and Dhukkam come and go just like the bodies for you.

  1. You should not be bewildered by such appearances and disappearances of Sukham and Dhukkam.

  1. Appearances (and disappearances) are unreal. They actually never exist.

  1. From beginningless time to endless time you are real and you alone exit and not the bodies you had assumed.

  1. Unreal are those that changes (Sukham, dhukkam, body, world are those that change). Real viz. YOU never change.

  1. By taking the example of slaying and its impact on the Self, Sri Krishna actually points out that all actions have no impact on the Self.

  1. A knower of the Self has no karma to perform i.e. there is no svadharma as He is beyond dharma.

  1. Whatever actions have been enjoined by the Sastras have reference only to the non-knower.

  1. Veda enjoined karmas are not applicable to the knower of the Self while the seeker of the Self should abandon the karmas.

  1. Veda enjoined karmas, the svadharma, should never be given up by the non-knower and non-seeker of the Self.

  1. Performers of karma should treat alike pain and pleasure, gain and loss, victory and defeat, to engage in svadharma.

  1. Affection is a bodily relation that comes and goes.

  1. But the impact of svadharma performed or otherwise is carried on to the next.

  1. The above is the first of two parts of Samkhya Yoga. The second part is given below:

  1. It is the knowledge of the removal of that flaw, attachment, aversion etc that engenders transmigratory life.

  1. It is the Karma Yoga that work is performed after detachment.

  1. How is work is performed after detachment?

  1. True work is performed after discarding the pair of opposites such as attachment & aversion. This is Karma Yoga.

  1. Karma Yoga will lead one away from the peril of transmigratory life of birth and death.

  1. The kaarmic world consisting of the karmi and his karma are Guna driven. Krishna advises you to transcend it.

  1. Transcending the kaarmic world is this: You have a right only to your duty but not to the fruits of work performed.

  1. The fruits of karma, if you crave for, result only in rebirth in this miserable world of samsaara.

  1. Give up attachment and established in Yoga, with evenness of mind in success and failure, perform work.

  1. Yoga is skill in karma. The skill consists in maintaining the evenness of mind in success and failure.

  1. Evenness of mind also consists in dedicating work to Eawara declaring it as ‘na mama’ – not mine.

  1. Delusion occurs when your intellect gets engrossed the mist of non-discrimination.

  1. Non-discrimination is the obscuring of the distinction between the Self and the non-self.

  1. The non-discrimination thus drives the inner-sense ie. the mind to the sphere of objects. ज्ञानयोगनिष्ठा.

  1. He concerns only with himself after renouncing all karmas right from the beginning.