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4.770b. We continue our discussion on Verse 4.18
कर्मण्यकर्म यः पश्येदकर्मणि च कर्म यः ।
स बुद्धिमान्मनुष्येषु स युक्तः कृत्स्नकर्मकृत् ॥ १८ ॥ (4.18)

4.771. All karmas bind. This happens by the fruits of karmas following us.

4.772. Sri Krishna says that performing नित्य कर्म considering them as अकर्म dont bind us.

4.773. But considering नित्य कर्म as कर्म and not performing them thinking you are avoiding the fruits of them is false-knowledge.

4.774. A knowledge of this kind is not truth-worthy to be known. Such false knowledge dont earn you praise as ‘wise’.

4.775. Performing नित्य कर्म is indeed useful, by its very nature, as purification of the mind.

4.776. कर्मणि, क्रियते इति कर्म व्यापारमात्रम् All actions done is work.कर्तृत्वम् is attached to the one who considers himself as the doer.

4.777. तस्मिन् कर्मणि अकर्म कर्माभावं यः पश्येत्, any action or cessation of action depends on the agent (ahamkara).

4.778. All reference to action, its accessories and so forth take place on the plane of अविद्या or nescience before Reality is attained.

4.779. A man who has known कर्म as the visible universe, which conists of Maya but not real and that 1/2

4.780. कर्तृत्वम् ie doership comes from अविद्याभूमौ एव in the plane of nescience or ignorance is a wise man.

4.781. He also sees अकर्म the very Self that works not in all works is integrated. He is a Yogi.

4.782. Objection: What is the sense of this self-contradictory proposition of non-work in work and vice-versa? 1/2

4.783. (objection) Work, of course, cant be non-work, nor non-work can be work. How can one see contradictory states? 2/2

4.784. Answer: What in truth is a non-work appears to a deluded man as work (as the tree moving in opposite direction).

4.785. Similarly work appears as non-work (keeping quiet is work too!; Moving man at a distance appearing to be still.)

4.786. So non self-contradiction is entailed in the statement. Also disproves the idea work is work for all alike.

4.787. देहाद्याश्रयं कर्म आत्मन्यध्यारोप्य ‘अहं कर्ता, मम एतत् कर्म, मया अस्य कर्मणः फलं भोक्तव्यम्’ इति च

4.788. The plain man superimposes on the Self the work of psycho-physical organism and maintains, “I am the agent, this work is mine, its fruits belongs to me.”

4.789. तथा ‘अहं तूष्णीं भवामि, येन अहं निरायासः अकर्मा सुखी स्याम्’ इति

4.790. Similarly he superimposes on the Self the cessation from work of the same organism and the resultant satisfaction and holds: “I do nothing, I rest comfortably.”

4.791. In order to correct the contrary perceptions of the plain man that Krishna “Whoso beholds non-work in work..etc.”

4.791a. This concludes the exhaustive explanation to the verse 4.18!

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