BHAGAVAT GEETHA – CHAPTER 4 – ज्ञानकर्मसंन्यसयोग: – YOGA OF RENUNCIATION OF ACTION IN KNOWLEDGE – PART 5

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4.198. Discussion on Varna is actually a continuation of our discussion on GuNa.

4.199. VarNa is GuNa-Karma Vibhagam meaning division based on one’s Guna and Karma.

4.200. GuNa itself is one’s attainment as a result of his poorva-karma. Your poorva-karma brings with it what you are to enjoy or suffer.

4.201. The portion of poorva-karma that you are to enjoy and suffer in this life is called Praarabdha karma.

4.202. It is the mind that really enjoys and suffers. Easwara as phala dhaata ordains the mind stuff with appropriate Guna.

4.203. The body is the vehicle of the mind as mind has no independent existence apart from the body.

4.204. So the body is ordained by Easwara for your enjoyment and suffering that is mutually conducing with the mind.

4.205. But human body like all bodies in the universe do perform karma perforce!

4.206. “कर्मण्येवाधिकारस्ते..” is the dictum of Bhagavan meaning you have a right to work only.

4.207. If you keep what I have said so far in this chapter then you will have no difficulty in grasping the idea of VarNa. So let us begin.

4.208. The Abrahamic religions have the firm view that Man was ‘created’ in the image of God but he turned out to be His anti-thesis.

4.209. The Abrahamic religionists have the conviction that Adam sinned and consequently experienced both physical death & spiritual death.

4.210. Christians aver that all human beings are born with a sinful, corrupted nature, and sin in thought, word, and deed.

4.211. Man’s state of sin has so infected his will that he is unable to choose God’s provision of redemption in Messiah Yeshua.

4.212. (Genesis 1:26,27, 2:16,17, 3:6, 6:5; 8:21; Exodus 33:19; Psalm 14:1-3; Isaiah 53:6, 64:6; Jeremiah 17:9, 31:33; Mark 7:20-23; etc.)

4.213. The earliest study by a westerner on human society is so very recent by Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) in his celebrated book “Leviathan”.

4.214. In this he sticks to the biblical conviction that man is innately wicked yet for self-preservation he enters into a social contract with others.

4.215. This is the basis of the society of Judaism, Christianity & Islam that is wrought with endless wars for the survival of the fittest.

4.216. Hindus do not believe that God created man in his own image. On the contrary God himself appears as man.

4.217. Such an understanding forbids the idea that man is wicked by nature.

4.218. Only that in the inflorescence of his own play that He manifested in all varieties that the whole multitudinous universe would remain tasteful to one another (लोको भिन्न रुचि:).

4.219. Thus there is no social contract but a social division took place out of necessity creating mutual dependance among them.

4.220. This is the essential idea of varNa based society – guna karma vibhaagam.

4.221. Let’s see how – again with a story! Story telling is part of making the understanding clear.

4.222. This Virata Purusha projected Agni (the God of Fire) out of himself while he remained a Brahmana on earth in the form of Manu.

4.223. Therefore both were Brahmanas. He was alone on earth without other VarNa.

4.224. Without the protection of Kshathriyas and other helpers he did not prosper.

4.225. Therefore he created a noble form, the Kshathriya consisting of those who are kshathriyas among Gods –

4.226. Indra(the king of Gods), Varuna (the king of the animals of water), Soma (the king of Brahmanas), Rudra (the king of beasts),

4.227. Parjanya (the king of lightning), Yama (the king of manes), Mruthyu (the king of diseases), Isana (the king of luminaries) etc.

4.228. Kshathriya is considered superior so in Rajasuya yaga the Brahmins adore the kshathriya from a lower seat.

4.229. However the kshathriya quickly restores the higher position to the Brahmana because the Brahmana is his source.

4.230. Therefore anyone who denigrates a Brahmana becomes more vicious like the one who would insult his superior.

4.231. He did not prosper still. Why?

4.232. Because there is none to procure wealth. What is the need for wealth?

4.232a. Wealth is required for the performance of karma. Why perform karma?

4.233. Karma is to be performed to secure this earth. Why secure this earth?

4.234. So he can come back. How does he come back?

4.235. Through a son. Why through a son?

4.236. Because a son will perform the rites that would relieve the ancestors from thier incarceration as it were from the bhuvarloka and enable them to be reborn in bhuloka.

4.237. How does he get a son? Through a wife of course!

4.238. So desire consists of wife and wealth. And desire is this much only, nothing more!

4.239. A man with a wife working hard to get wealthy is a Grihastha. He is the Samsaaree!

4.240. Now back to Virat. He created Vaisyas – those classes of Gods who remain in groups.

4.241. They are the eight Vasus, the eleven Rudras, the twelve Adhithyas, the thirteen Visvadevas and fortynine Maruts.

4.242. He did not prosper still for want of servants.

4.243. He therefore created Pushan the Sudhra God. The earth indeed is Pushan for it nourishes all that exist.

4.244. He did not prosper still! Why?

4.245. Because he feared that Kshathriya being fierce would become unruly.

4.246. In order to overcome this he specially projected this excellent form called Dharma.

4.247. क्षत्रस्य क्षत्रम् यद् धर्मः Dharma is fiercer than the fierce! Dharma is therefore the controller.

4.248. There is nothing higher than Dharma in this prakrthi.

4.249. WITH DHARMA ON HIS SIDE A HOUSEHOLDER CAN CONTEND WITH EVEN A KING WHO IS MOST POWERFUL.

4.250. This Dharma is actually the Truth. What is known as Truth, when practiced becomes Dharma.

4.251. And this Dharma cannot be practiced without one identifying himself with one or the other of the four varnas!

4.252. It is thru this Varna he was born to perform his karma. VARNA IS UNIVERSAL. It exists in heaven and on earth.

4.253. Just as the law of Karma wont spare anyone who for declaring he is not a Hindu so does VarNa. It exists everywhere and in all.

4.254. This way the fourfold varnas – Brahmana, Kshathriya, Vaisya and Sudhra – were created.

4.255. Virat became Brahmana among the Gods only as Agni and among men as Brahmana.

4.256. He became Kshathriya among men through the divine Kshathriyas.

4.257. He became Vaisya among men through the divine Vaisyas and he became Sudhra among men through the divine Sudhra.

4.258. Therefore people desire to attain their objectives among the Gods through Agni 1/2

4.259. and among men through the birth as a Brahmana since Virat assumed these two forms. 2/2

4.260. Now this self, the Grihastha, is verily the support of all beings.

4.261. It is by performing the Vedic sacrifices in the fire that he becomes the supports of the gods.

4.262. By reciting the Vedas he supports the sages who gave him the Vedas.

4.263. By offering to the manes and desiring children he becomes the support of the Pithrus.

4.264. By giving food and shelter to men he becomes their support. By giving fodder he becomes the support of the animals.

4.265. Even the beasts and birds and ants feed in his home and he is their support.

4.266. Thus supported all of them in turn wish for his welfare.

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