3.1. In Chapter 2 Lord Krishna gave us few Lessons. Let us recall them to proceed further as Karma Yoga cant be understood without them.
3.2. Lesson 1: the origin and the flaws like grief and delusion form the defects in us and they constitute the seed of transmigration.
3.3. Lesson 2: What is affection? It stems from the idea of ‘I’ and ‘mine’ as in “I am theirs” and “they are mine”
3.4. Lesson 3: Grief is when this affection breaks down. (There should be no difficulty in understanding grief.)
3.5. Lesson 4: What is delusion? It stems from the idea that giving up one’s svadharma can save the breakdown of affection.
3.6. For eg. if your friend committed a crime, you decide to stand by him rather than stand by righteousness. You delude it will save friendship.
3.7. Your grief comes from the understanding that if you dont standby your faulty friend he will not be saved.
3.8. Your delusion is that you can forego being righteous in order to side with your faulty friend to save him.
3.9. Lesson 5: You are beginningless and endless. You enter bodies and leave them just like you wear a new shirt & discard when it is old.
3.10. Lesson 6: You are not destroyed when the body is destroyed. You are not born when the body is born & you dont die when the body dies.
3.11. Lesson 7: Changes in the body such as childhood, youth, old age belongs to the body and not to you. This knowledge makes you a Dheera
3.12. Lesson 8: Sukham and Dhukkam come and go just like the bodies for you. You should not be bewildered by such appearances and disappearances.
3.13. Lesson 9: Appearances (and disappearances) are unreal. They actually never exist. You are real and you alone exit.
3.14. Lesson 10: Unreal are those that changes (Sukham, dhukkam, body, world are those that change). Real viz. YOU never change.
3.15. Lesson 11. By taking the example of slaying & its impact on the Self, Krishna actually points out that all actions have no impact on the Self.
3.16. Lesson 12. A knower of the Self has no karma to perform i.e. there is no svadharma as He is beyond dharma.
3.17. Lesson 13. Whatever actions have been enjoined by the Sastras have reference only to the non-knower.
3.18. Lesson 14. Veda enjoined karmas are not applicable to the knower of the Self while the seeker of the Self should abandon the karmas.
3.19. Lesson 15. Veda enjoined karmas, the svadharma, should never be given up by the non-knower and non-seeker of the Self.
3.20. Lesson 16. Performers of karma should treat alike pain and pleasure, gain and loss, victory and defeat, to engage in svadharma.
3.21. Lesson 17. Affection is a bodily relation that comes and goes. But the impact of svadharma performed or otherwise is carried on to next.
3.22. Lessons 1 to 17 is the first of two parts of Samkhya Yoga. The second part is given below:
3.23. Lesson 18. It is the knowledge of the removal of that flaw, attachment, aversion etc that engenders transmigratory life.
3.24. Lesson 19. It is the Karma Yoga that work is performed after detachment i.e., after discarding the pair of opposites such as attchement & aversion.
3.25. Lesson 20. Karma Yoga will lead one away from the peril of transmigratory life of birth and death.
3.26. Lesson 21. The kaarmic world consisting of the karmi and his karma are Guna driven. Krishna advises you to transcend it.
3.27. Lesson 22. Transcending the kaarmic world is this: You have a right only to your duty but not to the fruits of work performed.
3.28. Lesson 23. The fruits of karma, if you crave for, result only in rebirth in this miserable world of samsaara
3.29. Lesson 24. Give up attachment and established in Yoga, with evenness of mind in success and failure, perform work.
3.30. Lesson 25. Yoga is skill in karma. The skill consists in maintaining the evenness of mind in success and failure.
3.31. Lesson 26. Evenness of mind also consists in dedicating work to Eawara declaring it as ‘na mama’ – not mine.
3.32. Lesson 27. Delusion occurs when your intellect gets engrossed the mist of non-discrimination.
3.33. Lesson 28. Non-discrimination is the obscuring of the distinction between the Self and the non-self.
3.34. Lesson 29. The non-discrimination thus drives the inner-sense ie. the mind to the sphere of objects.
3.35. Lesson 30. ज्ञानयोगनिष्ठा He concerns only with himself after renouncing all karmas right from the beginning.
I will continue discussing the path of action and the path of renunciation in the next one or more parts before taking up Karma Yoga.