BHAGAVAT GEETHA – CHAPTER 2 – SAMKHYA YOGA – THE YOGA OF KNOWLEDGE (Part – 6)

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2.258.

सुखदुःखे समे कृत्वा लाभालाभौ जयाजयौ ।

ततो युद्धाय युज्यस्व नैवं पापमवाप्स्यसि ॥ ३८ ॥

2.259. Treating alike pain and pleasure, gain and loss, victory and defeat, engage yourself in battle. Thus you will incur no sin.

2.260. “Looking with an equal eye” on pleasure and pain, i.e., without attachment to the former and aversion to the latter.

2.261.

एषा तेऽभिहिता साङ्‍ख्ये बुद्धिर्योगे त्विमां शृणु ।

बुद्ध्या युक्तो यया पार्थ कर्मबन्धं प्रहास्यसि ॥ ३९ ॥

2.262. This knowledge of the Samkhya has so far been imparted to you 1/2

2.263. Now, listen to the knowledge of Yoga by acquiring which, O Arjuna! you will discard the bondage of karma. 2/2

2.264. साङ्‍ख्ये परमार्थवस्तुविवेकविषये बुद्धिः  – The knowledge of Samkhya is the discrimination of metaphysical reality.

2.265. ज्ञानं साक्षात् शोकमोहादिसंसारहेतुदोषनिवृत्तिकारणम् ।

2.267. It is the cause of the removal of that flaw, attachment, aversion and so forth that engenders transmigratory life.

2.268. Yoga is the Karma Yoga that work is performed after detachment i.e., after discarding the pair of opposites such as attchement & aversion.

2.269. Acquiring the knowledge of Karma Yoga, O Arjuna! you will surely cast off the bondage of works!

2.270.

नेहाभिक्रमनाशोऽस्ति प्रत्यवायो न विद्यते ।

स्वल्पमप्यस्य धर्मस्य त्रायते महतो भयात् ॥ ४० ॥

2.271. Here in the sphere of Karma Yoga there is no loss of beginning. Neither is there the sin involved.

2.272. Even a little of Dhaarmic law delivers one from great peril.

2.273. The idea is no adverse reaction irrespective of how it began will ensue in this path of Karma Yoga.

2.274. On the other hand Karma Yoga will lead one away from the peril of transmigratory life of birth and death.

2.275.

व्यवसायात्मिका बुद्धिरेकेह कुरुनन्दन ।

बहुशाखा ह्यनन्ताश्च बुद्धयोऽव्यवसायिनाम् ॥ ४१ ॥

2.276.The conviction as regards this two-fold Yoga, marked by resolve, is single; the convictions of the irresolute are many scattered & endless.

2.277.

यामिमां पुष्पितां वाचं प्रवदन्त्यविपश्चितः ।

वेदवादरताः पार्थ नान्यदस्तीति वादिनः ॥ ४२ ॥

2.278. They are the unwise who utter flowey speeches, O Arjuna! They revel in the letter of the Vedas and declare “There is nothing else.”

2.279. They utter speech pleasant to hear and splendid like a tree in flower.

2.280.

कामात्मानः स्वर्गपरा जन्मकर्मफलप्रदाम् ।

क्रियाविशेषबहुलां भोगैश्वर्यगतिं प्रति ॥ ४३ ॥

2.281. Who are desire-ridden, who hold the attainment of heaven as the goal of janma and karma, whose words are laden with specific rites to bring in pleasure and lordship.

2.282. They are embodiment of cravings. They are ‘heaven-bent’ for their supreme goal in life. Their speech point to births as fruits of Vedic-rites.

2.283.

भोगैश्वर्यप्रसक्तानां तयापहृतचेतसाम् ।

व्यवसायात्मिका बुद्धिः समाधौ न विधीयते ॥ ४४ ॥

2.284. In the case of those who have given themselves up pleasures and power & whose minds have been enslaved by the words of Vedas that command rites, there is no chance of the resolute mind addressing itself to concentration.

2.285.

त्रैगुण्यविषया वेदा निस्त्रैगुण्यो भवार्जुन ।

निर्द्वन्द्वो नित्यसत्त्वस्थो निर्योगक्षेम आत्मवान् ॥ ४५ ॥

2.286. The Vedas enumerate the three Gunas.  You transcend the three Gunas, O Arjuna! 1/2

2.287. Be free from the pairs of opposites, ever-balanced, unconcerned with getting and keeping and centred in the Self. 2/2

2.288. निर्द्वन्द्वः सुखदुःखहेतू सप्रतिपक्षौ पदार्थौ द्वन्द्वशब्दवाच्यौ, ततः निर्गतः निर्द्वन्द्वो भव ।

2.290.

यावानर्थ उदपाने सर्वतःसम्प्लुतोदके ।

तावान् सर्वेषु वेदेषु ब्राह्मणस्य विजानतः ॥ ४६ ॥

For a knower of Brahman who has realised the ultimate Truth, there is as much profit from all the Vedas as there is profit from reservoirs when there is an inundation!

2.291.

कर्मण्येवाधिकारस्ते मा फलेषु कदाचन ।

मा कर्मफलहेतुर्भूर्मा ते सङ्गोऽस्त्वकर्मणि ॥ ४७ ॥

2.292. You have a right only to your duty but not to the fruits of work in performed.

2.293. These fruits come back to haunt you so dont be a producer of those fruits. But let this also not lead you to inaction.

2.294. You may think that you have a right to claim those fruits. When you crave for them, you make yourself liable to reap them.

2.295. These fruits that you crave for result only in rebirth in this miserable world of samsaara.

2.296.

योगस्थः कुरु कर्माणि सङ्गं त्यक्त्वा धनञ्जय ।

सिद्ध्यसिद्ध्योः समो भूत्वा समत्वं योग उच्यते ॥ ४८ ॥

2.297. Giving up attachment and established in Yoga, with evenness of mind in success and failure, perform work, O Arjuna!

This evenness is Yoga.

2.298. ‘Success’ is attainment of knowledge born out of mental purity, resulting from working without craving for its fruit.

2.299. Failure is due to the work of opposite sort. Yoga is to keep evenness of these two opposites.

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