1.1. Aum Namo Bhavathe Sri Ramanaya! Aum Sri Ganesaya Namaha! #Geethopadesam
1.2.”sadasiva samarambham sankaracarya madhyamam asmad acarya paryantam vande guru paramparam”. #Geethopadesam
1.3.Let’s first understand the setting of this discourse. We know that in the battlefield Arjuna got distraught at the thought 1/2
1.4. ..he had the unlucky choice of either killing his kith and kin and the Guru or being killed by them. He was wary of such an option. 2/2
1.5. So Arjuna wanted to walk away from the battlefield telling Sri Krishna that his option will destroy dharma.
1.6.Krishna steps in & educates Arjuna that Dharma is not in walking away but staying there & fighting even if d enemy were his loved ones.
1.7. I am going to expand this setting to beyond the battlefield so you understand the profound significance of Geetha much better.
1.8.I am an advaithi and so I would be quoting a lot from Adi Sankara. In many ways I found him to be the revealer of Lord Krishna.
1.9. नारायणः परोऽव्यक्तादण्डमव्यक्तसम्भवम् । अण्डस्यान्तस्त्विमे लोकाः सप्तद्वीपा च मेदिनी ॥ #Geethopadesam
1.10. Narayana is beyond the Unmanifest ie. Prakrthi. The Cosmic Egg (Andam) is born of this Unmanifest.
1.11.Within the Cosmic Egg are these worlds (Bhu: Bhuva: Swa:) and its seven isles of Jambu, Plaksha, Kusa, Krauncha, Saaka, Saalmala & Pushkara.
1.12. Let me give out Sankara’s own words describing Bhagavan (Narayana).
1.13. स च भगवान् ज्ञानैश्वर्यशक्तिबलवीर्यतेजोभिः सदा सम्पन्नः
1.14. The Lord is in eternal possession of knowledge, lordliness, executive power, strength energy and splendour.
1.15. त्रिगुणात्मिकां स्वां मायां मूलप्रकृतिं वशीकृत्य,
1.16.He has under His control His all-pervasive Maayaa (illusive and material in nature) whose essence is the constituents called GuNa.
1.17. अजोऽव्ययो भूतानामीश्वरो नित्यशुद्धबुद्धमुक्तस्वभावोऽपि सन्, मायया देहवानिव जात लोकानुग्रहं कुर्वन् लक्ष्यते ।
1.18.Thus, though unborn, immutable, lord of beings, & in essence, eternally pure, conscious & free, He appears by virtue of His Maayaa..
1.19. ..to be embodied and born as man, for ensuring the welfare of the world.
1.20. प्रयोजनाभावेऽपि भूतानुजिघृक्षया वैदिकं धर्मद्वयम् अर्जुनाय शोकमोहमहोदधौ निमग्नाय उपदिदेश,
1.21.Though he has no private end of His own to promote, in order to further the well-being of all living beings, He imparted to Arjuna..
1.22. गुणाधिकैर्हि गृहीतोऽनुष्ठीयमानश्च धर्मः प्रचयं गमिष्यतीति ।
1.23…who was drowned in a sea of grief & delusion, the two-fold law of Dharma, when espoused & practised richness in excellence would flourish.
1.24. Having created the universe and seeking to ensure its existence Bhagavan brought forth the Prajapathis, Marichi and others.
1.25. Prajapathis, created in the beginning, are the mind born sons of Brahma as progenitors of all living beings.
1.26. Manu names 10 sages as Prajapathis. They are Marichi, Atri, Angira, Pulasya, Pulaha, Kratu, Vasishta, Pracetas AKA Dhaksha, Brighu and Narada.
Satapata Brahmana names only 7 and they are: Gotama, Bharadvaja, Viswamitra, Jamadagni, Vasishta, Kashyapa and Atri.
Mahabharata gives the Sapta Rishis as Marichi, Atri, Angira, Pulasya, Pulaha, Kratu, Vasishta. No idea how the important Prajapathi Dhaksha was left out in that.
1.27. Then Bhagavan imparted to the Prajapathis the Vedic law of works (karma) called Pravrtti.
1.28. Later bringing forth the 4 Sanathkumaras He imparted to them the law of cessation of work called Nivrtti.
1.29. While Pravrtti is embarked on the basis of attachment, Nivrtti followed opposite course viz. detachment.
1.29a. For amplification on this subject pl read my essay called Viraat Purusha http://hindusoftheworld.wordpress.com/2012/06/16/bhodham-3/
1.30. This law called Dharma is what directly promotes the prosperity and emancipation of living beings.
1.31. This Dharma is cultivated in the pursuit of progress by classes of men known as Varna and
1.32. ..their station of life known as Ashrama.
1.33. As time passed the practitioners of Dharma came to be dominated by cravings.
1.34. This gave rise to lawlessness and a great decline of discriminative knowledge. This adharma.
1.35. In order to correct the course of decline and restore normalcy by which Dharma can function..
1.36. ..Bhagavan took the form of Sri Krishna born of Vasudeva & Devaki to safeguard the spiritual power of the lokas.
1.37. What is the purpose of Geetha? तस्य अस्य गीताशास्त्रस्य संक्षेपतः प्रयोजनं परं निःश्रेयसं सहेतुकस्य संसारस्य अत्यन्तोपरमलक्षणम् ।
1.38. Succinctly, the purpose of Geetha is to set forth the summum bonum that consists in the total cessation of punar janma & its causes.
1.39. तच्च सर्वकर्मसंन्यासपूर्वकादात्मज्ञाननिष्ठारूपात् धर्मात् भवति ।
1.40. This is brought about by the law of imbibing the knowledge of Self proceeded by the renunciation of all works or karma.
1.41. ‘स हि धर्मः सुपर्याप्तो ब्रह्मणः पदवेदने’ This Dharma is indeed adequate to lead one to the status of Brahman. And finally Krishna says:
1.42. ‘सर्वधर्मान् परित्यज्य मामेकं शरणं व्रज’ Giving up all Dharmas (disciplines) seek refuge in Me alone!
1.43. The science of Geetha aims at two-fold laws of Veda, one of emancipation and
1.44. ..another of revealation of the Ultimate Truth viz. Brahman. So Let us together know it!