Form and function of the Rgveda samhita

I have posted this query on a googlegroup foundation-for-indian-scientific-h

 
Dr. Sastry has raised a fundamental question of great importance which can help us glean the central theme of the Rigveda.
 
Let us assume that the Rgveda Samhitaa which Sayanacharya commented upon in his Bhashya is a unified document with a chandas form and a very specific function, a central message.
 
Read with Anukramani, scholars have tried to find a chronological sequence which makes the samhitaa look like a jumbled, incoherent affair leading some to say that the Samhitaa is a layered text which took centuries to reach the Samhitaa structure.
 
Bloomfield’s work is a starting point to analyse the structure and function of the Rgveda Samhitaa. What are the categories of repetitions? Sukta repetitions? Rca repetitions? Or, just refrains of repeated phrases within a sukta?
 
Are repetitions resorted to for and attributed to the same devataa by the same rishi? How to explain the not-so-identifiable rishi names?
 
It is possible that the repetitions taken from Rgveda in Yajurveda, Samaveda and Atharvaveda samhitas may also provide a lead to further the analysis of the structure and function of Rgveda Samhitaa.
 
Methinks, Dr. Sastry’s profound question has to be answered based on the tradition of yajna which is clearly the central, specific function of the Rgveda Samhitaa, the yajna of Prajapati where the first yajna yielded many first dharma-s.
 
Namaskaram. Kalyanaraman

 

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Buddha from space—An ancient object of art made of a Chinga iron meteorite fragment

Figure 3.  Front and rear side of the “iron man.” The sculpture was chiseled from the iron meteorite, forged at the edges and the basis, and shows the Buddhist god Kubera (Vaiśravana); the scale armor was formerly gilded.

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Buddha from space—An ancient object of art made of a Chinga iron meteorite fragment

Abstract–  The fall of meteorites has been interpreted as divine messages by multitudinous cultures since prehistoric times, and meteorites are still adored as heavenly bodies. Stony meteorites were used to carve birds and other works of art; jewelry and knifes were produced of meteoritic iron for instance by the Inuit society. We here present an approximately 10.6 kg Buddhist sculpture (the “iron man”) made of an iron meteorite, which represents a particularity in religious art and meteorite science. The specific contents of the crucial main (Fe, Ni, Co) and trace (Cr, Ga, Ge) elements indicate an ataxitic iron meteorite with high Ni contents (approximately 16 wt%) and Co (approximately 0.6 wt%) that was used to produce the artifact. In addition, the platinum group elements (PGEs), as well as the internal PGE ratios, exhibit a meteoritic signature. The geochemical data of the meteorite generally match the element values known from fragments of the Chinga ataxite (ungrouped iron) meteorite strewn field discovered in 1913. The provenance of the meteorite as well as of the piece of art strongly points to the border region of eastern Siberia and Mongolia, accordingly. The sculpture possibly portrays the Buddhist god Vaiśravana and might originate in the Bon culture of the eleventh century. However, the ethnological and art historical details of the “iron man” sculpture, as well as the timing of the sculpturing, currently remain speculative.

Source: Meteoritics & Planetary Science
Volume 47, Issue 9, September 2012, Pages: 1491–1501, Elmar BUCHNER, Martin SCHMIEDER, Gero KURAT, Franz BRANDSTÄTTER, Utz KRAMAR, Theo NTAFLOS and Jörg KRÖCHERT
Article first published online : 14 SEP 2012

http://www.docstoc.com/docs/131322562/Buddha-from-space%E2%80%94An-ancient-object-of-art-made-of-a-Chinga-iron-meteorite-fragment-(Meteoritics-and-Planetary-Science-Volume-47-Issue-9-September-2012)

DA case: SC allows Sasikala to check documents

http://www.indianexpress.com/news/da-case-sc-allows-sasikala-to-check-documents/1008920/

Express news service : New Delhi, Fri Sep 28 2012, 00:29 hrs

The Supreme Court on Thursday allowed a plea by V K Sasikala, a close aide of Tamil Nadu Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa, seeking inspection of certain documents relating to a disproportionate assets case pending before a Bangalore court.

The court directed that such an inspection should be completed within 21 days at the place determined by the special court.

The apex court did not agree with the Karnataka High Court’s conclusion that the applications filed by Sasikala might be an attempt to delay the trial.

Bail for suspended judicial officers in cash-for-bail case

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/bail-for-suspended-judicial-officers-in-cashforbail-case/article3935833.ece

The Andhra Pradesh High Court on Tuesday granted bail to suspended judicial officers T. Pattabhirama Rao and K. Lakshmi Narasimha Rao, and Bellary Urban MLA G. Somasekhar Reddy in the cash-for-bail scam case involving the former Karnataka Minister Gali Janardhan Reddy.

Justice Govinda Rajulu directed them to produce two sureties for Rs.1 lakh each and deposit their passports in the ACB Court. The judge took into consideration the fact that the investigation was over and the final charge-sheet was filed.

Meanwhile, Mr. Janardhan Reddy was produced in a Special Court for ACB Cases here on a prisoner’s transit (PT) warrant. Mr. Reddy was then shifted back to Chanchalguda as he was to be produced in the CBI Court through videoconferencing in an illegal mining case.

PC kin’s encroaching wall on seafront razed, countering the PC landgrab tsunami

http://bharatkalyan97.blogspot.in/2012/09/pc-kins-encroaching-wall-on-seafront.html

25.9.12

PC kin’s encroaching wall on seafront razed, countering the PC landgrab tsunami

Kudos to Pioneer News Service for the well-documented expose of seafront landgrab by PC family. 

 
Tamil Nadu Government led by Smt. Jayalalithaa deserves credit for responding to poor peoples’ livelihood concerns, rendering prompt, decisive justice to the fisherfolk of Tsunami Nagar.

The demolition of the illegal boundary walls and 3 km long wall on the beach will restore the rights of the fishermen families in Tsunami Nagar of free and unfettered access to their boats and to their seafaring, their livelihood dependent upon fishing activities and aquaculture.

What a travesty of justice that those who suffered the tsunami had to face the tsunami of land-grabbers. As a fisherwoman of Tsunami Nagar commented; the tsunami affected their lives for a day; the land-grab tsunami affected their livelihood forever.

Again, congratulations on a signal national service.

If there is any sense of morality left in the polity, PC should tender his resignation from all offices of profit he holds and his cabinet position, forthwith.

Kalyanaraman

PC kin’s encroaching wall razed

WEDNESDAY, 26 SEPTEMBER 2012 01:18 KUMAR CHELLAPPAN
Tamil Nadu Revenue department JCB smashing the walls of Chidambaram illeglly grabbed land in Chennai East Coast Road on Tuesday. Pioneer Photo.

Even as Union Finance Minister P Chidambaram was addressing the members of the Congress Working Committee in New Delhi on Tuesday morning, a team of officials led by Tahasildar Ilango of Kancheepuram Collectorate was demolishing a part of the compound wall built by his family members at Karikattukuppam, a picturesque village along the East Coast Road near Chennai.

The wall was allegedly built by P Chidambaram’s family members, including wife Nalini Chidambaram, and only son Karthi.

While Chidambaram was articulately justifying the recent economic reforms launched by the Government at the CWC meet, the Tamil Nadu officials ensured that a portion of the strong wall at Karikattukuppam was razed to the ground.

Fishermen in Karikattukuppam had complained to the State administration that the Chidambarams had grabbed two pieces of land — one poromboke and one Government — in the village as part of their bid to build a high-end super luxury hotel and resort.

Last week, a team of revenue officials from Kancheepuram collectorate landed at Karikattukuppam and launched an investigation into the whole affair. “The assistant director of surveys is studying the complaints filed by the fishermen and the land documents at the registration office. We will soon initiate action if we find that there are any discrepancies,” a senior revenue official had told The Pioneer last week.

The compound wall built by the Chidambarams had put the poor fishermen in trouble. They were denied direct access to the sea and were forced to make a detour via a three km long stretch.

Tuesday saw the officials led by Tahasildar Ilango demolishing a part of the long compound wall built by the Chidambarams on the encroached land.

“A portion of the wall, measuring 100 X 10 sqm was demolished by the officials. They told us to wait for some more time as they were studying the complaints filed by us to the Government,” said Jaya Palayan, president, Tamil Nadu Fishermen Welfare Federation, who along with the fishermen of Karikattukuppam, has been staging a relentless fight against the mighty Chidambarams.

“The demolition has proved that our complain was right. We and The Pioneer stand vindicated. It was The Pioneer which stood by us and reported the whole issue to the outside world whereas the local media chose to ignore our pleas,” said Palayan and Murugan, the leader of the local fishing community.

They said the officials have given them an assurance that all the lands grabbed by the Chidambarams would be returned to the rightful owners once the probe is completed. The officials, especially the RDO in charge of the investigation, declined to divulge any detail.

The fishermen allege that the Chidambarams had usurped nearly nine acres of land and built a compound wall. Arun Natarajan, their counsel, had said there was no truth in the allegations by the fishermen as his clients were the rightful and legal owners of the land.

An intelligence official said, on condition of anonymity, that the complaint by the fishermen has been found to be genuine. “I do not know what will happen to the Chidambarams. But it is true that they are involved in land grabbing,” he said.

http://dailypioneer.com/home/online-channel/360-todays-newspaper/97285-pc-kins-encroaching-wall-razed.html

கார்த்தி சிதம்பரம் ஆக்கிரமித்திருந்த அரசு நிலம் மீட்பு

First Published : 26 Sep 2012 12:00:00 AM IST

சென்னை, செப். 25: சென்னை அருகே முட்டுக்காட்டில் மத்திய நிதியமைச்சர் ப.சிதம்பரத்தின் மகன் கார்த்தி சிதம்பரம் ஆக்கிரமித்திருந்த அரசு நிலத்தை அதிகாரிகள் செவ்வாய்க்கிழமை மீட்டனர். அந்த இடத்தில் கட்டப்பட்டிருந்த சுற்றுச்சுவர் இடிக்கப்பட்டது.
இது குறித்து விவரம்:

காஞ்சிபுரம் மாவட்டம் முட்டுக்காடு அருகே கரிகாட்டுக்குப்பம் கிழக்கு கடற்கரைச் சாலை அருகே மத்திய நிதியமைச்சர் மனைவி நளினி சிதம்பரம், மகன் கார்த்தி சிதம்பரம் ஆகியோருக்கு சொந்தமான இடம் உள்ளது.

இந்த இடத்தின் அருகே உள்ள அரசு நிலத்தை சிதம்பரம் தரப்பினர் ஆக்கிரமித்து இருப்பதாக மாவட்ட நிர்வாகத்திடமும், காவல் துறையினரிடமும் தென் இந்திய மீனவர் பேரவையினர் புகார் தெரிவித்து இருந்தனர்.

இப் புகாரின் அடிப்படையில் செங்கல்பட்டு வட்டாட்சியர் இளங்கோ தலைமையில் வருவாய்த் துறை அதிகாரிகள், அப் பகுதியில் நிலத்தை முழுமையாக செவ்வாய்க்கிழமை அளந்தனர். அப்போது கார்த்தி சிதம்பரம் தரப்பினர், அரசு நிலத்தில் பத்தரை சென்ட் நிலத்தை ஆக்கிரமித்து சுற்றுச்சுவர் அமைத்திருப்பது தெரியவந்தது.

இதையடுத்து அந்த சுற்றுச்சுவரை இடித்து, அரசிடம் தாங்களே அந்த நிலத்தை ஒப்படைப்பதாக கார்த்தி சிதம்பரம் தரப்பினர் உறுதி அளித்தனர். அரசு அதிகாரிகளும் அதற்கு சம்மதம் தெரிவித்தனர்.

இதைத் தொடர்ந்து கார்த்தி சிதம்பரம் தரப்பினர், அரசு நிலத்தை ஆக்கிரமித்து கட்டப்பட்டிருந்த சுற்றுச்சுவரையும், ஆக்கிரமிப்புகளையும் உடனடியாக அகற்றினர்.

ஆக்கிரமிப்புகள் அகற்றியதும், அதிகாரிகள் அரசு நிலத்தில் வேலி அமைத்தனர். இதனால் அங்கு ஏதேனும் அசம்பாவித சம்பவங்கள் நடைபெறாமல் தடுப்பதற்கு அங்கு போலீஸ் பாதுகாப்பு போடப்பட்டிருந்தது. மீட்கப்பட்ட நிலத்தின் மதிப்பு பல லட்சம் இருக்கும் என வருவாய்த் துறை அதிகாரிகள் தெரிவித்தனர்.

http://tinyurl.com/8zrz5st