Sankararaman case hearing adjourned

PUDUCHERRY: Hearing in the Sankararaman murder case resumed on Friday. Principal District and Sessions Judge C S Murugan, who assumed charge recently, adjourned the hearing to April 9 and directed all the 24 accused, including Kanchi seers Jayendra Saraswathi and his junior Vijayendra Saraswathi to be present on the day. Only five of the 24 accused were present in the court, when the trial resumed following the order of a Division Bench of the Madras High Court on February 27.

Special Public Prosecutor N Devadoss said the date for beginning arguments of both sides would be decided on April 9.

http://expressbuzz.com/states/tamilnadu/sankararaman-case-hearing-adjourned/377640.html

 

Rama Setu, national monument status: SC hearing on April 19

Published: March 29, 2012 11:53 IST | Updated: March 29, 2012 12:23 IST

SC gives two weeks to Centre to decide on national monument status for Ram Setu

PTI
The Centre was on Thursday granted more time by the Supreme Court to decide whether the mythological Ram Setu could be declared a national monument.

Appearing before a bench headed by Justice H.L. Dattu, Additional Solicitor General (ASG) Haren Raval submitted that consultation was needed on the issue with the competent authority and sought more time to file an affidavit on it.

“Take a decision whether or not to”, the bench said, while granting the government two weeks time to take a decision. The bench then posted the matter for further hearing on April 19.

The bench was hearing a petition filed by Janata Party President Subramanian Swamy seeking the court’s direction to declare Ram Setu a national monument.

Earlier on March 27, the bench directed the government to file an affidavit regarding its decision within two days.

“If you say you don’t want to file counter affidavit, we can go ahead with the arguments in the case,” the bench had said.

The case relating to Ram Setu came under judicial scrutiny after a batch of petitions were filed in the apex court challenging the ambitious Sethusamudram project, which was alleged to cause damage to the mythological bridge.

Sethusamudram project is aimed at constructing a shorter navigational route around India’s southern tip by breaching the mythological Ram Setu, said to have been built by Lord Rama’s army of monkeys and bears to the demon king Ravana’s kingdom Lanka.

As per the Sethusamudram project, the shipping channel is proposed to be 30 metres wide, 12 metres deep and 167 km long.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/article3257282.ece?homepage=true&css=print

Rama setu: Protecting heritage and coastline (A ppt presentation, Kalyanaraman, 31 March 2012)

March 31, 2012

•Declare
•Rameshwaram sacred island, Gulf of Mannar Marine Bioreserve
Ramasetu as protected national monuments under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958

Protect the world’s richest thorium reserve.

Kamini reactor in Kalpakkam uses thorium blanket in dual use, fast-breeder reactor
Thorium is the future nuclear fuel for India’s power generation program and nuclear weapons for national defence
Manavalakuricci, Aluva, Chavara hold the world’s largest reserve of thorium sands. This is nation’s wealth. National security demands safeguarding of this wealth.
Declare the sites as national protected areas under Armed Foces’ control

Rama Setu, nearer to reality: Moily

By Cithara Paul
31 Mar 2012 02:28:28 AM IST

Rama Sethu, nearer to reality: Moily

NEW DELHI: The Government may still be wavering on whether Rama Sethu was a myth or not, but Corporate Affairs Minister Veerappa Moily seems to entertain no such doubts.

“Ram Sethu is a scientific possibility. After reading my book you will find that Ram Sethu is nearer to reality,’’ he said while speaking about the forthcoming release of the Tamil translation of his book “Shree Ramayana Mahanweshanam.” It may be a coincidence that the Supreme Court had given a deadline to the UPA Government to make its stand clear on Ram Sethu three days ago.

Moily spent “a whole week” on the sea with a geo-scientist researching the topic. “Rama Sethu bridged cultures,” he said.

http://expressbuzz.com/nation/rama-sethu-nearer-to-reality-moily/377659.html

Why this kolaveri, kolaveri di! Jaya again takes back Sasikala in endless drama!

Mar 31, 2011
AIADMK General Secretary and Tamil Nadu Chief Minister J Jayalalitha has revoked the suspension of erstwhile close confidante Sasikala from the primary membership of the party.

In a statement issued in Chennai today, Jayalalithaa said she accepted the explanation given by Sasikala that she had severed links with her relatives, who by their activities had brought disrepute to the party.

Swamy tells Adalat, Rahul is ineligible to become PM

New Delhi, Mar 31: Predicting Lok Sabha elections by the end of this year, Janata Party president Dr Subramanian Swamy has said, Congress general secretary Rahul Gandhi was ineligible to become India’s prime minister.

Replying to a barrage of questions in Rajat Sharma’s Aap Ki Adalat on India TV, Dr Swamy said Congress president Sonia Gandhi was not appointed PM in 2004 by the then president APJ Abdul Kalam because of a law which could render her ineligible.

“That law is still there and I can tell you even Rahul Gandhi is ineligible to become the prime minister. I will keep this a secret till the opportune moment comes” ( Main ise us samay tak rahasya rakhoonga jab tak naubat nahin aayegi), said Dr Swamy.

Disclosing the sequence of events on May 14, 2004, the day Sonia Gandhi renounced her bid for prime ministership, Dr Swamy said, 340 MPs had signed individual letters addressed to the President saying they supported Sonia Gandhi as the Prime Minister.

“There was also a letter signed by Soniaji as MP that she supported herself to become PM. It is wrong to say that she did not want to become PM.

“Soniaji was supposed to call on the President that day at 5 pm to stake her claim. I called on the President at 12:30 pm and produced evidences to say that she was ineligible to become prime minister.

“At 3:30 pm, the President sent Soniaji a letter asking her not to come at 5 pm because there were some issues which needed to be probed. The President asked her to come at 10 am the following day. At 5 pm, Dr Manmohan Singh read out the last para of that letter to his MPs. The Congress should make that letter public”.

When Rajat Sharma pointed out that Sonia Gandhi could have staked her claim in 2009 too, but did not, Swamy replied: “That law is still there today. Even Rahul cannot become the prime minister. I will keep that a secret till the opportune moment comes.”

Dr Swamy said, “my birth chart shows I would return to power within a year. And, I can say with confidence that Lok Sabha polls will be held definitely by the end of this year, and not in 2014.”

Asked why he was targeting the Gandhi family, Swamy said: “I was sad to find that my good friend Rajivji was killed by the LTTE, and Sonia Gandhi was writing letter to the President seeking clemency for the killers. I was naturally angry.”

When Rajat Sharma showed him a picture of Swamy with Sonia Gandhi and Jayalalitha sipping tea and joining hands to pull down the Vajpayee government in 1999, Swamy laughed and said : “Even Arjuna and Duryodhana sipped tea together, but later fought the Mahabharata.”

Swamy also questioned the business activities of Sonia Gandhi’s son-in-law Robert Vadra.

“One show find out what businesses he has in Hong Kong, in Italy. He has six aircraft in India, and I don’t think he ever passed out of school. He is a regular goer to gymnasiums, and once he fell because of too much steroid injections.

“Let me tell you, I have never levelled any charge without any basis. Even, Jayalalitha filed nearly 100 defamation cases against him, and I got all of them dismissed in the Supreme Court.”

“Once Congress even filed a defamation case against me. I told the court, I wanted to cross-examine Sonia Gandhi in court. The party quietly dropped the case”, said Swamy.

The Janata Party president said that the Pakistani spy agency ISI had all the informations about dubious hawala deals by Indian politicians in Dubai.

“No hawala business can be done in Dubai without the knowledge of ISI. The government does not want to hand Afzal Guru and Ajmal Kasab because it is afraid of Pakistan, otherwise why should the President take so long to decide about Afzal Guru and Rajiv killers?”

Swamy praised Anna Hazare as “an honest man, whose honesty cannot be matched by all the Congressmen put together”.

He, however, said, Anna had a “leftist team” with him, which thinks the Jan Lokpal Bill is the only panacea for all ills. “I have shown to the country how an individual can use the current laws to bring the corrupt to justice”, said Swamy.

Swamy praised Swami Ramdev and said the yogi was fighting for the national cause. “It will be better if both of us use Anna more rather than his team”, he said.

Praising RSS as a “nationalist outfit”, Swamy said “I would be proud if RSS uses me for its objectives”.

Aap Ki Adalat show with Dr Subramanian Swamy will be telecast on India TV t on Saturday (March 31) at 10 pm, and Sunday (April 1) at 10 am and 10 pm.

http://www.indiatvnews.com/news/India/Swamy_Tells_Adalat_Rahul_Is_Ineligible_To_Become_PM-15359.html

Why Participatory Notes are dangerous – R. VAIDYANATHAN

http://bharatkalyan97.blogspot.in/2012/03/why-participatory-notes-are-dangerous-r.html

30.3.12

Why Participatory Notes are dangerous – R. VAIDYANATHAN

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Why Participatory Notes are dangerous

R. VAIDYANATHAN

Wednesday, Oct 24, 2007

Participatory Notes are a slap on the face of every citizen who is an investor. To invest in shares one has to fill up umpteen forms and provide proof of residence, PAN number, and so on. But for PN investors, the system is totally silent, even on basic information. Why not have confidence in the India story and realise that we can get funds with addresses without offering such anonymity, asks R. VAIDYANATHAN.

The PN system is discriminatory and seems to favour ghost investors.

Participatory Notes (PN) — a general name used for the investment by Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIs) through Offshore Derivative Instruments (ODIs) such as Participatory Notes, Equity-Linked Notes, Capped Return Notes and Participating Return Notes — have created a storm in the stock market, with SEBI coming out with a draft for discussion to regulate them, the RBI suggesting that they be phased out, and the Finance Minister assuring that the Government is not going to phase them out.

First things first. Let us clearly understand the fundamental issues. The PNs are a slap on the face of every citizen who is an investor. For a person to invest even in one share, several KYC (know your customer) forms have to be filled up, and PAN numbers and proof of address, etc., provided. For the PN investor the system is totally silent on even elementary information. The FIIs issue PNs to funds/companies whose identity is not known to the Indian authorities.

Hence, the PN system is blatantly discriminatory and seems to favour ghost investors. Any self-respecting market, if it discriminates at all, does so against outsiders. But we have done the unthinkable.

We should recognise and internalise the fact that funds are in search of markets, and not the other way. Given the demographic shift in the developed markets (where pension funds have to locate markets to get returns for longer periods) and the lack of huge opportunities in long-term projects, it is natural that global funds are in search of markets.

The PN route, through which a section of investors is participating in our markets, is a mystery wrapped in a puzzle, crammed inside a conundrum and delivered through a riddle. These are address-less funds that could be from dubious sources and the clamour for it is intriguing, if not outright suspicious.

Current Scenario

According to the SEBI Web site, the current position of these instruments is as follows: “Currently, 34 FIIs / Sub-accounts issue ODIs. This number was 14 in March 2004. The notional value of PNs outstanding, which was at Rs 31, 875 crore (20 per cent of Assets Under Custody of all FIIs/Sub-Accounts) in March 2004, increased to Rs 3,53,484 crore (51.6 per cent of AUC) by August 2007.

The value of outstanding ODIs, with underlying as derivatives, currently stands at Rs 1,17,071 crores, which is approximately 30 per cent of total PNs outstanding. The notional value of outstanding PNs, excluding derivatives as underlying as a percentage of AUC is 34.5 per cent at the end of August 2007.” (SEBI – Paper for Discussion on ODIs).

This implies that more than 50 per cent of the funds are flowing through this anonymous route which needs a re-think on this entire issue. This brings us to the question about who are the investors interested in Indian Papers.

Who uses the PN route?

The first category is the regular funds whose twin objectives are returns and more returns on a 21*7*365 basis. They are interested in India since the India story is very good and returns are attractive compared to developed markets. The second category is prodigal money returning. It is not a secret that a large number of politicians/bureaucrats/business-persons have accumulated wealth abroad. This has been accumulated by under-invoicing/over-invoicing, by corruption in contracts and gifts from abroad; and by not bringing in legitimate receipts.

The third category is those foreign governments/entities who would like to acquire/control Indian entities by taking them over.

The fourth category is the terror financiers who could find this route attractive and simple.

The first category does not have any reason to use the “anonymous” route since the aim is to earn returns /repatriate and benefit out of interest rate and currency value arbitrage. They enter and exit as per these calculations and are not shy about the greed for maximum returns. They pay the taxes applicable and laugh all the way to the bank with bonus incentives.

The only issue is that currently the stock market is the only route for investing while several other “unlisted” sectors, such as trade, transport, restaurants and other services are starved of funds. Maybe methods should be evolved to get these regular global funds to invest not just in the top ten shares of the stock market but in the needs of the large non-corporate or “ unlisted” segments of the economy, through NBFCs. That would ease the volatility in the market since currently large funds are chasing too few shares of the Sensex or Nifty.

No more ‘safe havens’

The second category will be enthusiastic in bringing the money back into India since the KYC (Know your Customer) norms in many so-called “safe” territories like Switzerland are becoming tougher — particularly after 9/11— and the India story is very interesting and the returns and growth prospects are very good. The Government can always think of an “Amnesty Scheme” for such “prodigal funds” in the form of “no questions asked” about the source. But, once the funds are brought in, then all the KYC norms must be followed, with minimum legal and tax hassles. After all, such amnesty schemes for the domestic black-money holders in the past have met with reasonable success. Otherwise, a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) can be created which can be dollar-denominated to hold these funds at attractive rates and which are converted over a period of time to minimise the flow impact.

Harmful for companies

The third category spells danger for domestic companies since the unknown entity may be targeting the local company without its knowledge. With reasonable control they can pressure the current owners to settle with them or even try taking over.

This becomes more ominous in the context of several sovereign funds, like that of China, using the private equity companies to manage their funds which are non-transparent.

These PEs could use other vehicles to acquire on behalf of these sovereign funds and it may be possible that Chinese or West Asian sovereign funds may hold indirectly shares in Indian companies, particularly in software or oil or telecom, which are critical sectors.

The fourth category is the one to be worried about. The terror financier will be happy on two counts, namely the anonymity provided by these instruments and the domestic regulations on gifting the shares.

Also important is the issue of the sale of these PNs to entities that could be inter-connected to the original buyers.

In other words, the original buyer and to whom he sells could belong to inter-connected terror entitities, in which case the global entity could have succeeded in transferring funds to India with ease and anonymity.

It is not without basis that the National Security Advisor (NSA) has cautioned against terror-financing through the banking and stock market channels.

That is a cause for concern. Why are we insisting on the anonymity of the investor and the sources? Why not have confidence in the India story and realise that we can get funds with addresses since we have arrived on the global arena?

We should distinguish between clean global flows and dubious flows as a responsible country with a remarkable growth story.

(The author is Professor of Finance and Control, IIM-Bangalore. His views are personal and do not reflect those of his organisation.)

http://www.thehindubusinessline.in/2007/10/24/stories/2007102450800800.htm

Sivaanandalahari – 9

Sivaanandalahari – 9

विशाले शैले च भ्रमति कुसुमार्थं जडमति: ।
समर्प्यैकं चेतस्सरसिज-मुमानाथ भवते
सुखेनावस्थातुं जन इह न जानाति किमहो ॥ ९ ॥

gabhIre kAsAre viSati vijane ghoravipine
viSAle Saile cha bhramati kusumArthaM jaDamati: |
samarpyaikaM chetassarasija-mumAnAtha bhavate
sukhenAvasthAtuM jana iha na jAnAti kimaho || 9 ||

A dull witted man searches for a flower in the deep lake, deserted dangerous forest and huge mountains. Oh Umanatha, people have not learnt to offer to you with love their lotus mind as the flower and be happy without wandering anywhere. What a surprise !

Commentary

Aum

காயமே கோயிலாகக் கடிமனம் அடிமையாக
வாய்மையே தூய்மையாக மனமணி இலிங்கமாக
நேயமே நெய்யும் பாலா நிரயநீ ரமைய ஆட்டிப்
பூசனை ஈசனார்க்குப் போற்றவிக்க் காட்டினோமே
(திருநாவுக்கரசர் தேவாரம்)

“Antharmukha samaaraadhyaa bhahirmukha sudhurlabha” (Lalitha Sahasranaamam)

What is the Shiva Pooja that is superior? It is the offering of one’s mind as a lotus flower at the feet of Parameswara. No other flower can give anyone greater satisfaction than offering his own mind as pushpaanjali. In fact the great Nayanaar says that from a ripe Bhaktha Sri Parameswara Himself takes away (‘steals’ he says!) the mind. (உள்ளம் கவர் கள்வன்).

It is said that if a person meditates on Bhagavan even in chathru bhaavam (nindhaa sthOthram) Parameswara gives him anugraham. Bhagavan is concerned only about one’s smarana and not the reason behind it.

Our saasthras say that bhandha is caused by the mind sunk in vishayas and the mind that has developed virakthi to the vishayas causes one’s Moksha. That is why the lotus flower of one’s mind should be the best offering at the feet of Parameswara. This is the superior way to please the God because nothing else pleases Him most except your mind that is dedicated to Him.

This is the secret. Without knowing this secret people fetch flowers by going into deep lakes, dark terrible forests, tall mountains etc and risk themselves when they have Lord’s favourite flower with themselves all the time. Aho! Aascharyam! exclaims Aadhi Sankara. That is why AachaaryaaL calls these people sorrowfully, as Jatamathi. Instead of surrendering the mind at the feet of Parameswara these jatamathis put it to work to worry about where the flowers are and how to fetch them and so on thus taking the mind away from the smarana of Parameswara.

Again in this sloka AachaaryaaL calls out to “Umaanaathaa” to reiterate that none should, on any account, separate Shiva and Shakthi. It is worth noting that he started off Sivaanandalahari by invoking Ambaal as “Kalaabhyaam”. Also in another sloka he called Shiva as “Saambam” (Ambaa Samedhan).

This sloka uges everyone to surrender the lotus flower of their mind to the Lotus Feet of Shiva who is Umanaatha, Umaapathi and SaambaSiva.

(to be continued..)

Sivaanandalahari – 8

Sivaanandalahari – 8

यथा बुद्धि-श्शुक्‍तौ रजत-मिति काचाश्मनि मणि-
र्जले पैष्टे क्षीरं भवति मृगतृष्णासु सलिलम् ।
तथा देव-भ्रान्त्या भजति भवदन्यं जडजनो
महादेवेशं त्वां मनसि च न मत्वा पशुपते ॥ ८ ॥

yathA buddhi-SSuk^tau rajata-miti kAchASmani maNi-
rjale paiShTe kShIraM bhavati mRugatRuShNAsu salilam |
tathA deva-bhrAntyA bhajati bhavadanyaM jaDajano
mahAdeveSaM tvAM manasi cha na matvA paSupate || 8 ||

Oh Lord Pasupati, the way our intellect considers shell as silver, glass stones as gem, flour mixed in water as milk, the mirage as water, the same way the foolish people worship other gods instead of worshipping you, the Lord of all Gods.

Commentary

Those ignorant ones who have not known the Mahima of Saakshaath Parameswara worship anyadevathaas. The root cause of this is agnaanam. Only those who have done sukrtham in the past many janmaas would have the thought to do bhakthi to Parameswara. Others certainly would not. Especially the ordinary folks driven by kaamam would not easily have bhakthi to Parameswara.

Therefore all the praanis should try their utmost to do Easwara bhakthi, otherwise their janmaa would be wasted. The Sruthi says: “ThamEva vidhithvaathimruthyumEthi naanya: panthaa vidyathE ayanaaya.” Only that nirmala aathmagnaanam has the ability to give Moksha Saamraajyam. The saasthra says: “Paramaadhvaitha vignaanam krupayaavaidhadhaathiya:| Sowyamguru: guru: saakshaath Shiva eva na samsaya: ||” The one who is capable of giving upadesa of aathmagnaana is none other than saakshaath gnaana dhaathaa Parameswaran. Therefore Parameswara’s anugraham is very much essential to all the praanis. This is the secret. Without knowing this the mooda jana worship anyadevathaas.

Just as a person takes a seashell as silver as he sees it from a distance, a broken glass piece as a diamond, rice flour mixed in water as milk and mirage as water, those confused devabraanthaas worship anyadevathas thus wasting their janma.

In truth, ‘Sat’ means that which has no destruction in all the three periods of time. And one should understand this ‘Sat’ as Parameswara. In the same way that which cannot be found in space and time is ‘asat’. Two examples for ‘asat’ are ‘the son of a barren woman’ or ‘a hare with two horns’. From this you have to come to the conclusion that ‘asat’ has no beginning and ‘Sat’ has no end. Knowing this secret of ‘Sat’ and ‘asat’ you should understand that those objects that have ‘sat-asat’ vilakshaNam are all creation of braanthi (error, confusion) and they are not truly ‘Sathyam’. That is what our great AacharyaaL means when he says in this sloka of Sivaanandalahari: “sukthou rajathamithi kaachaasmani manirjalE paishtaksheeram bhavathi mrugathrushnaasu salilam” using the four examples of seashell, broken glass piece, rice-flour mixed in water and the mirage.

That is, an avidvaan, seeing a seashell in front of him enjoys its sight as that of silver. Vedaanthis call this as ‘sukthi rajatham’. Sukthi rajatham is not real knowledge (yadhaartha gnaanam) but only a brama or error. Why? Because it is neither ‘Sat” nor ‘asat’. If it is ‘Sat’ it cannot have destruction in all three periods of time. But we do know all objects including the seashell have destruction in time. In this particular case, the moment it is known that it is seashell its ‘silverness’ is destroyed or rather the knowledge that it is silver is destroyed. And if it were ‘asat’ you would never have known be it either as a shell or as silver. (Just as you would never have come to know of a hare with two horns).

In prakrthi, we see sukthi rajatham all around. We cannot call it ‘asat’ for we know it exists and at the same time we cannot call it ‘Sat’ either for it does not last. Since their rajatha gnaanam is seen to end in time we come to the conclusion that all objects are of ‘sat vilakshaNam’. If the rajatha gnaanam is held to be ‘asat’ then it has to remain unknown like a hare with two horns, however we do see the objects therefore they are not ‘asat’ and we have to conclude that this rajatha gnaanam has ‘asat vilakshaNam’. But then we have concluded earlier that this rajatha gnaanam has ‘sat vilakshaNam’! This is truly contradictory!! Since sukthi rajatham is seen to have both ‘sat vilakshanam’ and ‘asat vilakshaNam’ Vedaanthis call it as false, poi, mithya.

What do we understand from this? Clearly ‘Sat’ is not false for it exists for ever. And ‘asat’ is also not false for it never exists. What is false is that which seems to exist but not really, that entity that has ‘sat-asat vilakshaNam”. What is the cause of this? It is the ‘brama’, the error, the confusion. You may say that it is seen to be real in everyday life by our own prathyakshaanubhava, however, we would not accept that they are products of yadhaartha gnaanam. Just as those objects we see in our dream are real during our dream time and yet they disappear without a trace when we wake up, these objects that have ‘sat-asat vilakshaNam’ give us a sense of reality as we enjoy them but have no reality in paaramaarthika dhasaa. Therefore O! ParamporuLe! Your swaroopam is the adhishttanam for everything. It is only due to the root avidya that people due to ‘brama’ imagine thousand different devathaas and worship them. Hey Prabho! Their actions, however in no way bring down your Mahath. In reality your swaroopam, no doubt, remains as Chith, as Sadhaanandham, as Advitheeyam, as Akandam, as Achalam, as Kootastham, as Pragnaanaganam and above all as Shivam. Hey PasupathE! It is true that you pervade all the anyadevathaas that were projected on you just as the rope pervades the snake that was projected on it by brama.

If people say that even though the anyadevathaas were projected on you due to brama yet because your are their adhishtaanam that they have borrowed your existence and are shining with it and therefore worshipping them would tantamount to worshipping you. But O! Parameswara! These people are wrong because those projected deities get destroyed in time and thus they have binnathwam of their existence whereas you are the real SAT that is indestructible. Therefore even though these projected deities borrowed your existence they have never been in you. AachaaryaaL says in his Geetha Bhaashyam, “Dhivishta ivaadhithyE kalpithaani jalachalanaadheeni mayi kapithaani bhoothaani, paramaarthathO, mayi na santhi” and also the Sruthi “asango nahisajjathE”.

The meaning of these is the sun is reflected in the water and there is motion in the water that makes the sun which is in the sky to look like moving. In the same way due to jata bhuddhi people project anyadevathaas as Parameswara. But in Paaramaarthika dhasa “kalpitha kalpithayO: sambandhaayOgaath”, i.e. Parameswara is swadhasiddhan and how can a projected devatha have connection with Him? To clarify further, how can a projected snake on a rope have connection with a rope?

It may be asked as follows: In Geetha Sri Krishna says: “yEpyanya devathaabhaktha yajanthE sraddhayaan vithaa:| thEpi maamEva kounthEya yajanthyavidhipoorvakam|| Even though one does not think of Parameswara in his worship of anyadevathaas, the worship reaches only Parameswara who is the phaladevathaa. When such is the case why not worship anyadevathaas? Why should those people who worship anyadevathas be denounced as mooda janas carried away by brama? To this argument Sri Krishna assuages with the word “avidhipoorvakam” in the above mentioned sloka in Geetha. The saasthra says: “Shiva: Shiva: Shivaschaiva naanyadhastheethi kinchana”. If a person has the dhruda pragnaa that it is Parameswara who is holding andacharaacharam in respective peace and happiness, then that person would neither be a jatan nor a braanthan. He is a parama gnaani. If a person does not have this consciousness and if he worships anyadevathas even with sraddha the benefits to him will be very meager and that too would not be permanent. This great secret is given by Adhi Sankara in his Geetha Bhaashyam: “samaanE api aayaasE maamEva na bhajanthE agnaanaath, thEna thE alpaphala bhaaja: bhavanthi.” One may have a small doubt here. If in reality the aaraadhanas done to anyadevathaas go to Parameswara, how can the superior phalas that could have accrued be denied just because a person is not conscious of the fact that his worship indeed reaches Parameswara? We reply to this with the following example. A person lives in a house that is standing on a ground buried with a treasure. As long as he is ignorant of this treasure he does not have the happiness that he would otherwise have had, had he known that he is sitting on a treasure. Again when he knows that he is sitting on a treasure his happiness will no doubt be immense. In the same way in this prakrthi as long as a man is not aware that all the anyadevathaas are merely Parameswara’s vibhuthi, so long will be the meagerness and impermanence of the phala of his worship of anyadevathaas. But as soon as he realizes that his worship is actually the worship of Parameswara he gains Brahmaanandham (Shivaadhanyath na kinchana).

Thus we have to realize the superiority of the consciousness of the worship by understanding the Mahaavaakya “Pragnaanam Brahma” that teaches the swaroopa lakshaNam of Parameswara. This in turn leads us to the realization of ‘sivoham’ of our oneness with Parameswara in Sivaanandalahari!

Sivoham, Sivoham

(to be continued..)

Sivaanandalahari – 7

For the commentary on previous stanzas click on the category ‘Sivanandalahari’ to your right and find them there.

मनस्ते पादाब्जे निवसतु वच:स्तोत्र-फणितौ
करौचाभ्यर्चायां श्रुतिरपि कथाकर्णन-विधौ ।
तव ध्याने बुद्धि-र्नयन-युगलं मूर्ति-विभवे
परग्रन्थान् कैर्वा परमशिव जाने परमत: ॥ ७ ॥

manaste pAdAbje nivasatu vacha:stotra-phaNitau
karauchAbhyarchAyAM Srutirapi kathAkarNana-vidhau |
tava dhyAne buddhi-rnayana-yugalaM mUrti-vibhave
paragranthAn kairvA paramaSiva jAne paramata: || 7 ||

Oh Paramasiva, may my mind focus on your lotus feet, words on praising you, my two hands on doing Archana, my ears in hearing your holy stories, brain in meditating on you and eyes on your beauty. After all these I don’t need to know any other holy books

Commentary

Sri Appar wrote in his ThEvaram as follows:

தலையே நீவணங்காய் – தலை
மாலை தலைக்கணிந்து
தலையா லேபலி தேருந் தலைவனைத்
தலையே நீவணங்காய்.

கண்காள் காண்மின்களோ – கடல்
நஞ்சுண்ட கண்டன்றன்னை
எண்டோ ள் வீசிநின் றாடும் பிரான்றன்னைக்
கண்காள் காண்மின்களோ.

செவிகாள் கேண்மின்களோ – சிவன்
எம்மிறை செம்பவள
எரிபோல் மேனிப்பி ரான்றிறம் எப்போதுஞ்
செவிகள் கேண்மின்களோ.

மூக்கே நீமுரலாய் – முது
காடுறை முக்கணனை
வாக்கே நோக்கிய மங்கை மணாளனை
மூக்கே நீமுரலாய்.

வாயே வாழ்த்துகண்டாய் – மத
யானை யுரிபோர்த்துப்
பேய்வாழ் காட்டகத் தாடும் பிரான்றன்னை
வாயே வாழ்த்துகண்டாய்.

நெஞ்சே நீநினையாய் – நிமிர்
புன்சடை நின்மலனை
மஞ்சா டும்மலை மங்கை மணாளனை
நெஞ்சே நீநினையாய்.

கைகாள் கூப்பித்தொழீர் – கடி
மாமலர் தூவிநின்று
பைவாய்ப் பாம்பரை யார்த்த பரமனைக்
கைகள் கூப்பித்தொழீர்.

ஆக்கை யாற்பயனென் – அரன்
கோயில் வலம்வந்து
பூக்கை யாலட்டிப் போற்றி யென்னாதவிவ்
வாக்கை யாற்பயனென்.

கால்க ளாற்பயனென் – கறைக்
கண்ட னுறைகோயில்
கோலக் கோபுரக் கோகர ணஞ்சூழாக்
கால்க ளாற்பயனென்.

உற்றா ராருளரோ – உயிர்
கொண்டு போம்பொழுது
குற்றா லத்துறை கூத்தனல் லால்நமக்
குற்றார் ஆருளரோ.

இறுமாந் திருப்பன்கொலோ – ஈசன்
பல்கணத் தெண்ணப்பட்டுச்
சிறுமா னேந்திதன் சேவடிக் கீழ்ச்சென்றங்
கிறுமாந் திருப்பன்கொலோ.

தேடிக் கண்டுகொண்டேன் – திரு
மாலொடு நான்முகனுந்
தேடித் தேடொணாத் தேவனை என்னுளே
தேடிக் கண்டுகொண்டேன்.

அஞ்சும் அடக்கடக் கென்பர் அறிவிலர்
அஞ்சும் அடக்கும் அமரரும் அன்கிலை
அஞ்சும் அடக்கில் அசேதனமா மென்றிட்டு
அஞ்சும் அடக்கா அறிவறிந் தேனே.
(திருமந்திரம்)

Here the Saint Thirumoolar tells us that it is not possible to control the indhriyaas because it would be to go against their nature. What is their nature? The nature of the sense organs is to go towards the sense objects. What happens when they go to the sense objects? The indhriyas get hurt and the mind is drawn towards the sense objects and away from the Self. This is like the fly that get attracted by the fire and eventually consumed by it. Instead if the indhriyas are directed towards the worship of Easwara then they would by default not go towards sense objects. This is what Thirumoolar means by saying “அஞ்சும் அடக்கா அறிவு”

“Aathmaavaa arE dhrashtavya: srOthravyO manthavyO nidhidyaasithavya:” This upanishadic statement teaches us the importance of dhyaanam to attain Brahmasaakshaathkaaram. Why dhyaanam? Because it is the surest way to disengage the indhriyas whose tendency is to go to sense objects and (thus) turn the mind to bahirmukham. Dhyaanam turns the mind inwards into antharmukham and because of this the indhriyaas are automatically put to rest. “Paramasthu pumaan dhyaathO, dhrushta: keerthitha: sthutha: sampoojitha: smrutha: praNatha paapmana: sarvaanunmoolayathi” so say the saasthra. By sticking to a maarga of any of Shiva swaroopa dhyaana or Shiva swaroopa dharsana, or Shiva naama sankeerthana or Shiva sthuthi or Shiva pooja or just Shiva namaskaara it would burn the jeeva’s sins root and stem. It also burns the soham and moham that causes the karmas of punya and paapa which in turn causes one to be born and dead repeatedly in this ocean of samsaara. Needless to say that there can be no other mangala swaroopam than Shiva. Knowing that Shiva kainkaryam alone is capable of giving MOksha, one should dedicate his mind to the sacred feet of Shiva and it will bring all indhriyaas into focus in the worship of Shiva.

தத்துவப்பேயோடே தலையடித்துக் கொள்ளாமல்
வைத்த வருள் மோன வள்ளலையே–நித்த மன்பு
பூணக்கருது நெஞ்சு போற்றக்கர மெழும்புங்
காணத்துடிக்கு மிருகண்.
(தாயுமானவர்)

(to be continued..)